Showing posts with label flexible ceramic pad. Show all posts
Showing posts with label flexible ceramic pad. Show all posts

HofoilEHS - Your Preferred Source for Pre and Post Weld Heat Treating

HotfoilEHS is a premier manufacturer of pre weld and post weld heat treating equipment. EHS manufactures and sells pre and post-weld heat treating equipment including power consoles, ceramic mat heaters, thermocouple attachment units, pin welders, Brinell testers, Poldi hardness testers, thermocuple wire, insulation, and accessories.

The below video is a little shameless, self promotion.

Power consoles are standardly offered in 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 zone configurations with a variety of control and recording systems.

Twin heating modules, with and without recorders, and optional ramping controllers are available from EHS.

For special projects, EHS can provide mineral insulated (MI) heating circuits designed into a blanket-type layout, using clips to attach the circuits to a wire mesh in a configured pattern. The circuits are CSA and FM Approved for hazardous and non-hazardous areas.

EHS also offers short or long term rentals on power consoles, temperature recorders, and ceramic mat heaters along with complete support and training services.

EHS engineers, designs, and manufactures proven systems to effectively complete any project more efficiently than competitive systems, while staying within budget. Years of application experience and successful installations have produced thousands of happy customers.

Ceramic Heater Pads for Weld Preheating and Post Weld Heat Treating

welding ceramic pad heater
Welding ceramic pad heater
(courtesy of HotfoilEHS)
The goal of preheating and post weld (PWHT) heating is to maintain temperature between weld passes and to uniformly control changes in target temperatures. By properly achieving, maintaining, and then cooling weld temperatures, you lower weld stress, distortion, reduce shrinkage stress and allow unwanted hydrogen to escape.

It is very important to understand the material characteristics of the metals being welded, and know minimum and maximum preheat temperatures, particularly in tempered steels.

For most preheating, post heat treating, and interpass heating, precise temperature control isn't required. Its more important to maintain a minimum temperature, and stay within an acceptable range during the actual welding process, as well as during cool down.

Exceptions are with tempered steels. Tempered steels have already been heat treated at the steel mill and applying too much preheat can alter that tempering. In these cases, proper set point, temperature limiting, and temperature ramp rate of the welded part is critical.

Use of Ceramic Heater Pads

Resistance heating pads are constructed of ceramic beads strung on nichrome wire. These resistance heating elements accurately raise the workpiece temperature to the proper temperature before, during, and after welding, complying with recommended preheat, interpass, and PWHT practices. These semi-flexible ceramic heater pads, with their interlocking beads and high temperature wire, allow for a fit conforming to the shape of the workpiece, and are capable of temperatures up to 1,850 degrees F. Ceramic mat (pad) heaters have an additional benefit in that they don’t have to be moved during welding.

welding temperature controls
Recorders and controls used for
welding preheat and post heat.
Electronic temperature controllers use several thermocouples spot welded to the workpiece to monitor and regulate the actual part temperature throughout the operation. Many times the electronic controllers have ramping or temperature profiling capabilities, so that heat-up and cool-down can be carefully controlled. Recorders are often used to produce a record of the temperature profiles over time before, during, and after welding. This is important when welding jobs require careful documentation.

An average application is as follows: the heater pad is wrapped around the workpiece, and insulation is applied to the weld joint and the temperature controller is set. Once preheat temperature is achieved, a welder removes the insulation and starts their work. After the weld, the ceramic heaters can be placed over the weld and the controllers can be reset for proper PWHT.

Ceramic Mat Heaters for Pre & Post Weld Heat Treating

ceramic mat heater
Ceramic mat heater
for pre and post weld
heat treatment.
Flexible ceramic mat heaters (also known as flexible ceramic pads or FCPs) are designed to provide stress relief for pre and post weld heat treatments for large scale welding requirements, such as those needed for piping fabrication, boilers, pressure vessels, storage tanks, pipeline construction, and mining equipment.

It's very important to pre-heat metal to a specific temperature prior to welding. Pre-heating metals reduces stress in the finished weld,  as well as eliminates moisture and improves the metallic microstructure of the weld material.  For post weld heat treatment (PWHT), use of resistance heaters to apply carefully controlled  cool-down can significantly increase the cross-weld toughness of the heat-affected zone.

Ceramic mat heaters are manufactured using high grade nickel chrome (NiCr) 80/20 wire insulated with interlocking sintered alumina ceramic beads, providing flexibility and convenience for use on curved or flat surfaces. Their design also allows for good contact and high heat transfer. Ceramic mat heaters are intended for repeated use and have considerable mechanical strength and durability. They are capable of achieving temperatures of up to 2050°F.  and are most often are supplied with ceramic insulated leads with either Camlock or Dinse type welder terminations.

The most common voltages used are 40, 60, and 80 volts (as supplied by arc welders) but many custom voltages are available. Special sizes, heating patterns and terminations are also easily accommodated with ceramic mat heaters.

For more information, contact:
Hotfoil-EHS, Inc.
2960 East State Street Ext.
Hamilton, NJ 08619
Phone # 609.588.0900
Fax # 609.588.8333