Friday, March 8, 2019

New AFTEK-EHS Heavy Duty Air-Arc Gouging Power Supply Brochure

Air-Arc Gouging

Air arc gouging uses a generated electric arc to melt metal between the tip of a carbon electrode and the workpiece. High velocity air is shot down the electrode to blow the molten metal away, leaving a clean gouge. Gouging works on any conductive metal, including stainless steel, mild steel, copper, and aluminum. Typical applications include removal of surface and internal defects, removal of excess metal around welds, and edge preparation before welding.

Download the AFTEK-EHS Heavy Duty Air-Arc Gouging Power Supply Brochure here.

Tuesday, January 29, 2019

Prevent Electrostatic Precipitator and Baghouse Hopper Blockage with Hopper Heaters

Hopper Heater
Coal-fired power plants in the U.S. require the use of electrostatic precipitators or bag houses to filter out very fine fly ash particles incorporated into flow gas. The ash is collected while the flue gas passes through filter bags or large electrodes and then falls into hoppers. As the hot fly ash cools, it may condense on the hopper walls. The mixture of dry, sulfur-rich fly ash and water is very problematic, so it is very important that there is no condensation in the collection hoppers.

The mixture of water and fly ash can cause the hopper to block up (or "pluggage "), and most importantly, residual sulfur in the flue gas will combine with condensate to form sulfuric acid. The sulfuric acid attacks the inside of the hopper walls, causing corrosion, weakening walls and generating significant (and costly) maintenance problems over time.

Efficient and continuous removal of fly ash is essential for all coal-fired power plants. Collection hoppers are an integral part of the removal process. Plugging or inoperable hoppers are a known problem for engineers and maintenance crews. Constant maintenance and excess downtime seriously prevent a plant's ability to manage the production rate of fly ash. Slower fly ash production means a reduction in energy production and efficiency. The power generation of a power station is directly proportional to its rate of combustion of coal, which in turn directly affects the production of fly ash. The maintenance personnel usually attempt to remedy ash system failures in real time by disabling the affected hopper, while continually generating electricity and ash. In some situations (to prevent shutdowns of boilers), ash will be dumped on the floor, requiring costly cleaning.

Hopper HeaterEvacuation and management of fly ash is much easier if the ash is kept warm. One of the most common ways of maintaining high fly ash and hopper temperatures is by connecting electric hopper heaters to the outside hopper walls. Hopper heaters play a very important role in removing the fly ash from precipitators and bag filter walls by keeping the hopper temperatures over the flue gas acid dew point. The only function of the hopper heater is to preheat the hopper and the internal environment to prevent the formation of moisture, fly ash clumping and the development of sulphuric acid.

Hopper heaters are designed for a dirty, high-vibration power plant environment. They provide the optimum watt density for proper thermal transfer through the hopper wall and uniform heating. They are available in square, rectangular and trapezoidal shapes for any hopper design. For poke tubes, man-ways and cylindrical throats, ancillary flexible heating cloths are available. The use of electric hopper heaters in electrostatic precipitator and bag house fly ash collection systems is an effective time-tested way to prevent condensation and the resulting clumping and corrosive acids in hopper products, thus providing better opportunities for continuous production of fly ash.

Sunday, January 20, 2019

Hopper, Tank & Chute Heaters plus Control Systems

Hotfoil-EHS specializes in electric surface heating systems. Applications include fly-ash hoppers on electrostatic precipitators, baghouses, coal and material handling systems, tanks, and pipes.

For more information, contact Hotfoil-EHS by calling 609.588.0900 or visit

Wednesday, December 12, 2018

Happy Holidays from Hotfoil-EHS

From all of us at Hotfoil-EHS, we wish our customers, partners and vendors a safe and happy holiday season and a wonderful 2019!

Wednesday, December 5, 2018

Weld Preheating Low Alloy Steels

Weld Preheating
Low alloy steels are defined as consisting of less than 10.5% Ni, Cr, Mo, and other alloy elements. In general, low alloy steels are required to be preheated to some temperature (TPH), prior to welding. It has been suggested that TPH for any given steel should be about 50 F above the martensite start temperature (MS) for the particular steel being welded. Most low alloy steels, however, have fairly high MS temperatures, making welding at or above them somewhat uncomfortable to the welder, thereby potentially compromising weld quality. For such steels, therefore, manufacturers often opt for TPH temperatures below MS. A case in point is AISI 4130 with an MS of 700 F;  For this steel, federal, military, industry and company specifications typically list TPH temperatures in the 200-600 F range, all below MS.

Why Preheat?

Preheating drives moisture and other contaminants off the joint; moisture, lubricants and other contaminants are sources of hydrogen. More importantly, preheating serves to reduce the rate at which the metal cools down from the welding temperature to TPH. This is so whether preheating is above or below MS. Cooling rate reductions will lead to a general reduction in residual stress magnitudes, and also allow more time for hydrogen removal.

Most low alloy steels that may be susceptible to hydrogen-induced cracking transform from austenite during cooling through the 800-500 C (1470-930 F) temperature range. The length of time a steel spends in this range during cooling, will establish its microstructure and, hence, its susceptibility to cold cracking. To maximize cracking resistance, a microstructure that is free of untempered martensite is desired; that is, the austenite would have transformed to ferrite + carbide and no austenite will be available to transform to martensite upon reaching MS.

For more information about preheating low alloy steels, contact Hotfoil-EHS at 609-588-0900 or by visiting their web site at

Wednesday, November 28, 2018

Ice Star Heat Treatment Controllers

The most innovative and versatile heat treatment control system available today. Ice Star designs, engineers and manufactures heat treatment controllers for electric and gas furnaces, as well as for induction and resistive heating consoles.

Hotfoil-EHS is the exclusive distributor for Ice Star in the United States, Canada, and Mexico.